Thermal comfort

Kei Nagashima, Ken Tokizawa, Shuri Marui

研究成果: Chapter

7 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The processes of thermoregulation are roughly divided into two categories: autonomic and behavioral. Behavioral thermoregulation alone does not have the capacity to regulate core temperature, as autonomic thermoregulation. However, behavioral thermoregulation is often utilized to maintain core temperature in a normal environment and is critical for surviving extreme environments. Thermal comfort, i.e., the hedonic component of thermal perception, is believed to be important for initiating and/or activating behavioral thermoregulation. However, the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. Thermal comfort is usually obtained when thermal stimuli to the skin restore core temperature to a regulated level. Conversely, thermal discomfort is produced when thermal stimuli result in deviations of core temperature away from a regulated level. Regional differences in the thermal sensitivity of the skin, hypohydration, and adaptation of the skin may affect thermal perception. Thermal comfort and discomfort seem to be determined by brain mechanisms, not by peripheral mechanisms such as thermal sensing by the skin. The insular and cingulate cortices may play a role in assessing thermal comfort and discomfort. In addition, brain sites involved in decision making may trigger behavioral responses to environmental changes.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルHandbook of Clinical Neurology
出版社Elsevier B.V.
ページ249-260
ページ数12
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2018 1 1

出版物シリーズ

名前Handbook of Clinical Neurology
156
ISSN(印刷版)0072-9752
ISSN(電子版)2212-4152

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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