Thermodynamics and transport properties of a dissipative particle in a tight-binding model are studied through specific heat and optical conductivity. A weak coupling theory is constituted to study the crossover behavior between the low-temperature region and the high-temperature region analytically. We found that coherent part around zero frequency in the optical conductivity disappears for 0 < s < 2, where s is an exponent of a spectral function of the environment. Detailed calculation is performed for ohmic damping (s = 1). In this case, the specific heat shows an unusual T-linear behavior at low temperatures, which indicates that the environment strongly influences the particle motion, and changes the low-energy states of the dissipative particle. The optical conductivity σ(ω) takes a non-Drude form even at zero temperature, and the high-frequency side behaves as ω2K-2, where K is a dimensionless damping strength. The high frequency side of the optical conductivity is independent of temperatures, while the low frequency side depends on the temperature, and behaves as T2K-2 at high temperatures. We also comment on the application of this model to the description, of incoherent motion in correlated electron systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)