Three-dimensional bicontinuous nanoporous materials by vapor phase dealloying

Zhen Lu, Cheng Li, Jiuhui Han, Fan Zhang, Pan Liu, Hao Wang, Zhili Wang, Chun Cheng, Linghan Chen, Akihiko Hirata, Takeshi Fujita, Jonah Erlebacher, Mingwei Chen

研究成果: Article査読

57 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Three-dimensional bicontinuous open (3DBO) nanoporosity has been recognized as an important nanoarchitecture for catalysis, sensing, and energy storage. Dealloying, i.e., selectively removing a component from an alloy, is an efficient way to fabricate nanoporous materials. However, current electrochemical and liquid-metal dealloying methods can only be applied to a limited number of alloys and usually require an etching process with chemical waste. Here, we report a green and universal approach, vapor-phase dealloying, to fabricate nanoporous materials by utilizing the vapor pressure difference between constituent elements in an alloy to selectively remove a component with a high partial vapor pressure for 3DBO nanoporosity. We demonstrate that extensive elements, regardless of chemical activity, can be fabricated as nanoporous materials with tunable pore sizes. Importantly, the evaporated components can be fully recovered. This environmentally friendly dealloying method paves a way to fabricate 3DBO nanoporous materials for a wide range of structural and functional applications.

本文言語English
論文番号276
ジャーナルNature communications
9
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2018 12 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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