[Purpose] To examine the variations in the lumbopelvic rhythm and lumbar-hip ratio in the frontal plane. [Subjects and Methods] Markers were placed on the T10 and T12 spinous processes, bilateral paravertebral muscles at the T11 level, the pelvis, and the femur. Lumbar spine and hip angles were measured during lateral trunk bending using three-dimensional motion analysis. Data from the trunk lateral bending movement were categorized into descending (start of hip movement to when the hip angle reached its maximum value) and ascending (from the maximum hip angle to the end of movement) phases. The lumbar-hip ratio was calculated as the ratio of the lumbar spine angle to the hip angle. [Results] The lumbar-hip ratio decreased from 5.9 to 3.6 in the descending phase, indicating lumbar spinal movement was less than hip movement. In the ascending phase, the lumbar-hip ratio was reversed. The lumbopelvic rhythm was better expressed by a cubic or quadratic function rather than a linear function. These functions indicate that when the hip inclines by 1° that the lumbar spine bends laterally by 2.4°. [Conclusion] The lumbopelvic rhythm and lumbar-hip ratio indicate lumbar lateral bending instead of a limitation of hip inclination.
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