Time Series Analyses of the Responses to Sensory Stimuli of Children with Severe and Multiple Disabilities

Eiko Matsuda*, Tatsuki Takenaga, Mamoru Iwabuchi, Kenryu Nakamura

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Severe and multiple disabilities (SMD) refers to the simultaneous occurrence of intellectual and physical problems. SMD in children is difficult to assess, as they often do not have the proper language or bodily responses to represent their feelings. In this study, we propose a methodology for evaluating reactions of children with SMD to sensory stimuli that does not rely on observations by humans, but rather is based on automatic detection of video-recorded data and quan-tification by time-series analyses. We present two case studies with typical participants: one with large body movements (P1) and another with subtle body movements (P2). For P1, it was observed that he showed larger bodily movements just before the onset of tactile stimuli, while he became silent for approximately 10 s after the onset, with the stimuli causing him to reduce self-stimulatory behavior and pay attention to his ex-ternal environment. For P2, two quantitative method-ologies – correlation coefficient and Granger causality – were adopted, to compare behavioral difference during the presentation of either sour or sweet taste stimuli. For the sweet conditions, the movement of the mouth was considered to be generated by some inter-nal causes. Through these experiments, we confirmed the authenticity of assessments made by the partici-pants’ caregivers, and also revealed otherwise unseen behavioral patterns and structures.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)726-738
ページ数13
ジャーナルJournal of Robotics and Mechatronics
34
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 8月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • コンピュータ サイエンス(全般)
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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