Topology optimization approach was used for the design of Ti6Al4V ELI lattice structures with stiffness and density close to the human bone for implant applications. Three lattice designs with volume densities of 35 %, 40 % and 45 % and corresponding elastic modulus of 18.6 GPa, 23.1 GPa 27.4 GPa close to the human bone were generated. Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) technique was used for the manufacturing of the specimens. Physical measurements and mechanical characterization of specimens were assessed by microCT analyses and compression test, perpendicular and parallel to the building direction of the specimens. LPBF Ti6Al4V ELI manufactured lattice structures showed deviations in wall thickness in comparison with the generated designs, leading to an increase in relative porosity but also a decrease in elastic modulus in comparison with the original designs. Horizontal walls of the lattice structures showed higher wall thickness in comparison with the vertical walls, leading to anisotropic behaviour of the lattice structures. Higher elastic modulus and compression strength were obtained when thicker walls were oriented along the loading direction of the compression test, showing a complete failure by dividing the specimens into two neighbouring halves. All specimens showed 45° diagonal shear fracture along the structure. On the other hand, higher energy absorption at first maximum compression strength peak was observed when samples were tested parallel to the building direction (when thinner walls were oriented along the loading compression direction). Results showed that designed lattice structures can possess the levels of human bones’ stiffness and therefore can reduce/avoid stress shielding on implant applications.
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