Toward a two-party system or two party systems? Patterns of competition in Japan's single-member districts, 1996-2005

Willy Jou*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This article examines whether electoral reform in Japan replacing a single non-transferable vote (SNTV) system with a parallel mixed system has led to two-party competition in single-member districts (SMDs) in House of Representative elections from 1996 to 2005. While nationwide figures suggest declining numbers of effective candidates and losers, distinguishing SMDs by levels of urbanization reveals that this trend is largely limited to urban areas. Instead of converging toward a two-party system as many proponents of electoral reforms had anticipated, elections under the SMD portion of the new system have witnessed the emergence and continuation of two distinct patterns of competition: urban constituencies featuring contests between two major parties, and rural constituencies dominated by the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). The persistence of the latter pattern diminishes the prospect of power alternation.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)370-393
ページ数24
ジャーナルParty Politics
16
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 5
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 社会学および政治科学

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