Throughput prediction is essential for ensuring high quality of service for video streaming transmissions. However, current methods are incapable of accurately predicting throughput in mobile networks, especially for moving user scenarios. Therefore, we propose a TCP throughput prediction method TRUST using machine learning for mobile networks. TRUST has two stages: user movement pattern identification and throughput prediction. In the prediction stage, the long short-term memory (LSTM) model is employed for TCP throughput prediction. TRUST takes all the communication quality factors, sensor data and scenario information into consideration. Field experiments are conducted to evaluate TRUST in various scenarios. The results indicate that TRUST can predict future throughput with higher accuracy than the conventional methods, which decreases the throughput prediction error by maximum 44% under the moving bus scenario.