The interaction between ultrashort laser pulses and materials in the ultrafast time domain, especially regarding the effect of laser polarization, has attracted much attention. In this study, ultrafast time-resolved single-shot birefringence microscopy is performed to observe laser-induced anisotropy. The birefringences of the optical Kerr effect and laser-induced anisotropic nanostructures by femtosecond laser pulses in silica glass are measured, and their slow axis is confirmed to correspond to the linear polarization angle of the pump light. We discuss the time variations of these birefringences in the picosecond time domain.
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