An ultrasonic flowmeter incorporated with implantable miniature sensors was developed. Two sets of miniature ultrasonic sensors are attached to the surface of a blood vessel. The outer diameter of the vessel and the blood velocity are measured simultaneously by means of the ultrasonic transit-time technique and the ultrasonic Doppler method, respectively. Instantaneous blood flow is calculated by multiplying the flow velocity by the cross-sectional area calculated from the diameter Stroke volume and cardiac output can also be obtained, when the system is applied to the ascending aorta. After preliminary benchtop tests, acute in vivo studies were carried out to evaluate the accuracy and performance of the system. The blood flow in the descending aortas of dogs and a goat were measured simultaneously by the ultrasonic system and an electromagnetic flowmeter. The correlation coefficient between the data obtained by the two methods was 0·968. The system was applied to measure the blood flow in the ascending aortas of goats which had had heart failures induced and were implanted with left ventricular assist devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Computer Science Applications