Unconventional exciton evolution from the pseudogap to superconducting phases in cuprates

A. Singh, H. Y. Huang, J. D. Xie, J. Okamoto, C. T. Chen, T. Watanabe, A. Fujimori*, M. Imada*, D. J. Huang*


研究成果: Article査読


Electron quasiparticles play a crucial role in simplifying the description of many-body physics in solids with surprising success. Conventional Landau’s Fermi-liquid and quasiparticle theories for high-temperature superconducting cuprates have, however, received skepticism from various angles. A path-breaking framework of electron fractionalization has been established to replace the Fermi-liquid theory for systems that show the fractional quantum Hall effect and the Mott insulating phenomena; whether it captures the essential physics of the pseudogap and superconducting phases of cuprates is still an open issue. Here, we show that excitonic excitation of optimally doped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ with energy far above the superconducting-gap energy scale, about 1 eV or even higher, is unusually enhanced by the onset of superconductivity. Our finding proves the involvement of such high-energy excitons in superconductivity. Therefore, the observed enhancement in the spectral weight of excitons imposes a crucial constraint on theories for the pseudogap and superconducting mechanisms. A simple two-component fermion model which embodies electron fractionalization in the pseudogap state provides a possible mechanism of this enhancement, pointing toward a novel route for understanding the electronic structure of superconducting cuprates.

ジャーナルNature communications
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 12月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 一般
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)


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