Concerning the static liquefaction properties of an industrial cargo, i.e., iron ore fines (IOF), undrained monotonic behaviors of a type of IOF are revealed through conducting triaxial compression tests. It is found that IOF exhibit some similar behaviors as those of common sandy soils, while some very unusual behaviors are also observed. All IOF specimens with compaction degree of 84%–95% and confining pressure of 50–200 kPa exhibit dilative behavior from the beginning of axial loading until the deviator stresses reach their peaks (qpk). Then the dilative behavior transforms to a contractive behavior, and the contractive behavior continues until reaching the residual stress without observation of phase transformation and quasi steady state. These behaviors are not usually observed for common sandy soils based on extensive previous works. More studies may be necessary as these unusual behaviors imply that flow failure, similar to the undrained monotonic behavior of very loose sand, may be triggered regardless of the density of IOF. In addition, this study also establishes the relationships of IOF between its initial conditions, peak stress conditions, and residual conditions by employing classical knowledges developed for sandy soils. Copyright remains with the author(s) or their institution(s).
ASJC Scopus subject areas