Mesoporous silica modified with titanium oxide is shown to be useful as a template for the preparation of mesoporous carbon incorporating TiO2 nanocrystals. The nanocomposite was prepared by deposition of carbon within the mesoporous silica template modified with titanium oxide, and subsequent template removal with NaOH (aq). The high-angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) image of the prepared nanocomposite clearly showed that small TiO2 nanocrystals embedded on mesoporous carbon were formed. The Si-O-Ti bonds between mesoporous silica and titanium oxide layers are effective to suppress the migration of the Ti species, resulting in the formation of the TiO2 nanocrystals.
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