Various types of iron oxides loaded on ferroelectric BaTiO3 and nonferroelectric ZrO2 supports have been studied by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy to investigate the valence instability of iron oxides affected by ferroelectric polarization fluctuation. Although the iron oxide loaded on ZrO2 shows a typical reduction process at high vacuum and high temperature, the iron oxide loaded on BaTiO3 shows an opposite process, i.e., iron oxide oxidization. We propose the dynamics of band structures of ferroelectrics in the paraelectric phase to understand this phenomenon. The oscillation of band bending causes electron transfer from an iron oxide to a ferroelectric support. This result suggests that the surface charges of ferroelectrics are useful in developing new functional materials with metal compounds.
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