Verification of fraudulent PIN holders by brain waves

Hiromichi Iwasa, Teruki Horie, Yasuo Matsuyama

    研究成果: Conference contribution

    抄録

    are applicable to user verification. We devise a two-factor system so that impersonators who hold identification numbers in fraudulence are detectable. In the first step, a subject either authentic or false tries to input a digit of a ten-key in the personal identification number by a P300 speller. The P300 speller is a brain-computer interface that detects positive voltage jump when a subject identifies specific digits on a display visually. By considering the performance of the P300 speller, we allow an error of one digit out of the four digits. On the other hand, we keep suspicion even for the case of perfect four digits because of the possibility of impersonation by a stolen case. Following the P300 spelling, we apply a verification of subjects by brain waves. Averaging of detected P300 waveforms after band-pass filtering takes the role of feature extraction. Then, a support vector machine applied to the averaged waveforms decides whether the subject is authentic or false. Thus, the total system does not entail the complexity of multimodality. For this system, we measured average error rates for 20 subjects. Experiments showed the false rejection rate of 3.9% at the false acceptance rate of 0% for the 4-digit number case. These pair values are successfully low even by using brain waves that usually contain many artifacts. Additionally, experiments on a diabetes patient before and after an insulin injection are also conducted. The result shows that the appropriate injection control maintains no difference from ordinary subjects. In concluding remarks, we consider methods to increase subjects and digits for applications in a larger society.

    本文言語English
    ホスト出版物のタイトル2016 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, IJCNN 2016
    出版社Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
    ページ2068-2075
    ページ数8
    2016-October
    ISBN(電子版)9781509006199
    DOI
    出版ステータスPublished - 2016 10 31
    イベント2016 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, IJCNN 2016 - Vancouver, Canada
    継続期間: 2016 7 242016 7 29

    Other

    Other2016 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, IJCNN 2016
    国/地域Canada
    CityVancouver
    Period16/7/2416/7/29

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • ソフトウェア
    • 人工知能

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