A new W-polymetal gate electrode with the structure of W/WN/WSi/poly-Si is proposed. The W-polymetal gate is suitable for high-density memories since it has low resistance and is compatible with the self-aligned contact process. In our study, however, it is found that the interface of W and poly-Si has non-ohmic and quite high resistance in the case wherein only WN is used as a barrier film. This resistance increases the delay in complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) logic circuits and prevents high-speed operation. Our new process includes the deposition of thin WSi on poly-Si, followed by rapid thermal annealing, which results in ohmic and sufficiently low contact resistance between W and poly-Si. It is also demonstrated that selective gate reoxidation is successfully applied for this new structure, and the insertion of thin WSi does not cause any adverse effect on the electrical characteristics of metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET). This process is promising for high-speed and high-density embedded memory.
|ジャーナル||Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2004 4月|
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