Wafer bonding of a silicon carbide (SiC) diaphragm to a patterned SiC substrate coated with aluminum nitride (AlN) film as an insulating layer is a promising choice to fabricate an all-SiC capacitive pressure sensor. To demonstrate the bonding feasibility, a crystalline AlN film with a root-mean-square (RMS) surface roughness less than ~0.70 nm was deposited on a SiC wafer by a pulsed direct current magnetron sputtering method. Room temperature wafer bonding of SiC-AlN by two surface activated bonding (SAB) methods (standard SAB and modified SAB with Si nano-layer sputtering deposition) was studied. Standard SAB failed in the bonding, while the modified SAB achieved the bonding with a bonding energy of ~1.6 J/m2. Both the microstructure and composition of the interface were investigated to understand the bonding mechanisms. Additionally, the surface analyses were employed to confirm the interface investigation. Clear oxidation of the AlN film was found, which is assumed to be the failure reason of direct bonding by standard SAB.
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