Weak addition invariance and axiomatization of the weighted Shapley value

研究成果: Article査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In this paper, we give a new axiomatization of the weighted Shapley value. We investigate the asymmetric property of the value by focusing on the invariance of payoff after the change in the worths of singleton coalitions. We show that if the worths change by the same amount, then the Shapley value is invariant. On the other hand, if the worths change with multiplying by a positive weight, then the weighted Shapley value with the positive weight is invariant. Based on the invariance, we formulate a new axiom, $$\omega $$ω-Weak Addition Invariance. We prove that the weighted Shapley value is the unique solution function which satisfies $$\omega $$ω-Weak Addition Invariance and Dummy Player Property. In the proof, we introduce a new basis of the set of all games. The basis has two properties. First, when we express a game by a linear combination of the basis, coefficients coincide with the weighted Shapley value. Second, the basis induces the null space of the weighted Shapley value. By generalizing the new axiomatization, we also axiomatize the family of weighted Shapley values.

本文言語English
論文番号429
ページ(範囲)275-293
ページ数19
ジャーナルInternational Journal of Game Theory
44
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 5 26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 統計学および確率
  • 数学(その他)
  • 社会科学(その他)
  • 経済学、計量経済学
  • 統計学、確率および不確実性

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