This research focuses on the social contact in urban spaces as a possible protective factor against the development of loneliness. We conducted an online questionnaire survey focusing on going-out activities, especially those for leisure purposes, which previous studies have suggested might be correlated with loneliness, and examined their association with it. Through web-based questionnaire survey and following text mining analysis, it was clarified that it is important for the senior citizens to go out in urban spaces, enjoy leisure time, and interact with others so that they can avoid feeling lonely.
- Living alone
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