"What are food and air like inside our bodies?": Children's thinking about digestion and respiration

Noriko Toyama*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

19 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A series of five experiments evaluated whether young children are aware of biological transformations associated with eating and breathing. In Experiment 1, children aged 4, 5, 7, and 8 years predicted that biological damage results from lack of eating and breathing. Children also recognised that food changes inside the body, but seldom referred spontaneously to biological transformation. In Experiments 2 and 2A, children were presented with several alternative explanations of what food and air would be like inside the human body. Both preschoolers and elementary schoolchildren assumed that air would acquire warmth and colour inside the body. The older children consistently understood biological transformation of food. Preschoolers accepted the idea that food undergoes a transformation necessary for health and growth, but did not think so when the transformation was expressed in a material sense. In Experiments 3 and 3A, some preschoolers predicted the transformation of resources inside familiar and unfamiliar living things, but not inside nonliving things. In addition, some 4- and 5-year-olds recognised the sun's contribution to "digestive" processes for plants, but not for mammals. Finally, the question of whether early understanding of digestion can be termed "theory-like" was discussed.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)222-230
ページ数9
ジャーナルInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
24
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2000
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 社会心理学
  • 教育
  • 発達心理学および教育心理学
  • 社会科学(その他)
  • 発達神経科学
  • 寿命およびライフコースの研究

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