What do proper names refer to? The simple sentence puzzle and identity statements

研究成果: Conference contribution

抄録

The purpose of this paper is to solve the simple sentence puzzle about proper names. (1) Superman leaps more tall buildings than Clark Kent. (2) Superman = Clark Kent. (3) Superman leaps more tall buildings than Superman. Even when (1) and (2) are true, (3) is false. It will be shown that this is not a real puzzle, because (i) (1) and (3) do not express singular propositions, and (ii) the identity statement in (2) only concerns singular propositions. In (1) and (3), the proper names refer to aspects of an individual at the level of explicature, while identity statements of the form X = Y mean that Y can be substituted for X salva veritate, only in singular propositions about X /Y. Given this difference in reference between (1)/(3) and (2), the conjunction of (1) and (2) does not entail (3), in accordance with our intuition.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルNew Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2015 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, AAA, HAT-MASH, TSDAA, ASD-HR, and SKL, Revised Selected Papers
編集者Mihoko Otake, Ken Satoh, Setsuya Kurahashi, Yuiko Ota, Daisuke Bekki
出版社Springer Verlag
ページ15-26
ページ数12
ISBN(印刷版)9783319509525
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017
イベント7th JSAI International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2015 - Kanagawa, Japan
継続期間: 2015 11 162015 11 18

出版物シリーズ

名前Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
10091 LNCS
ISSN(印刷版)0302-9743
ISSN(電子版)1611-3349

Other

Other7th JSAI International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2015
国/地域Japan
CityKanagawa
Period15/11/1615/11/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 理論的コンピュータサイエンス
  • コンピュータ サイエンス(全般)

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