What do proper names refer to? The simple sentence puzzle and identity statements

Tomohiro Sakai

研究成果: Conference contribution

抜粋

The purpose of this paper is to solve the simple sentence puzzle about proper names. (1) Superman leaps more tall buildings than Clark Kent. (2) Superman = Clark Kent. (3) Superman leaps more tall buildings than Superman. Even when (1) and (2) are true, (3) is false. It will be shown that this is not a real puzzle, because (i) (1) and (3) do not express singular propositions, and (ii) the identity statement in (2) only concerns singular propositions. In (1) and (3), the proper names refer to aspects of an individual at the level of explicature, while identity statements of the form X = Y mean that Y can be substituted for X salva veritate, only in singular propositions about X /Y. Given this difference in reference between (1)/(3) and (2), the conjunction of (1) and (2) does not entail (3), in accordance with our intuition.

元の言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルNew Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2015 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, AAA, HAT-MASH, TSDAA, ASD-HR, and SKL, Revised Selected Papers
出版者Springer-Verlag
ページ15-26
ページ数12
ISBN(印刷物)9783319509525
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2017 1 1
イベント7th JSAI International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2015 - Kanagawa, Japan
継続期間: 2015 11 162015 11 18

出版物シリーズ

名前Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
10091 LNCS
ISSN(印刷物)0302-9743
ISSN(電子版)1611-3349

Other

Other7th JSAI International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2015
Japan
Kanagawa
期間15/11/1615/11/18

    フィンガープリント

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

これを引用

Sakai, T. (2017). What do proper names refer to? The simple sentence puzzle and identity statements. : New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2015 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, AAA, HAT-MASH, TSDAA, ASD-HR, and SKL, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 15-26). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); 巻数 10091 LNCS). Springer-Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-50953-2_2