What's symmetrical? A teacher's cooperative management of learner turns in a read-aloud activity

Joan Kelly Hall*, Taiane Malabarba, Daisuke Kimura

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Chapter

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This chapter investigates teacher management of learner turns in an American second-grade classroom during a read-aloud activity. A readaloud is a whole-group instructional activity which involves a teacher reading aloud a book to a cohort of students as they listen (Tainio & Slotte, 2017). Using ethnomethodological conversation analysis (EMCA) and drawing on the concepts of alignment and affi liation (Steensig, 2012; Stivers, 2008; Stivers et al., 2011), we investigate how embodied practices such as gaze, facial expressions, body positioning and gestures in addition to verbal practices are used by the teacher separately and together to respond to learner turns in ways that keep the learners aff ectively engaged and, at the same time, ensure the orderly progression of the lesson. Our analysis shows that teacher cooperative management of learners' turns involves: (1) orienting to them as affi liative tokens in order to neutralize their disaligning force while still treating learners as cooperative participants in the activity; and (2) managing turns not only according to their sequential positions and the actions they project but, just as importantly, to the larger instructional project being accomplished. The study contributes to the re-specifi cation of the everyday grounds of teaching in order to broaden understandings of the specialized nature of such work (Macbeth, 2014).

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルThe Embodied Work of Teaching
出版社Channel View Publications
ページ37-56
ページ数20
ISBN(電子版)9781788925501
ISBN(印刷版)9781788925488
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 9月 30
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 社会科学(全般)
  • 人文科学(全般)

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